First African American to complete a residency in Ophthalmology (1973). First African American female Faculty Member in the Department of Ophthalmology at UCLA's Jules Stein Eye Institute.(1975), and the First African American female Doctor to receive a medical patent. She invented the Laserphaco Probe for cataract treatment (1986). She is co-founder of the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness, an organization that has worked to establish "eyesight as a basic human right."